Coin Specifications

Region: US  
Denomination: 2C  
Diameter: 23 (mm)  

Coin Metal Composition:

Copper [95%] 5.909 (g)
Zinc [2.5%] 0.1555 (g)
Tin ( 2.5% ) 0.1555 (g)
Total Mass: 6.22 (g)

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Coin Type

1864–1873 Two-cent piece

US 1864 Two Cent Coin Description

US 1864  Two Cent Piece - Large Motto ( 2C ) - Obverse
US 1864  Two Cent Piece - Large Motto ( 2C ) - Reverse

Coin Mass: 6.22 GRAMS    [View Coin Metal Melt Value]
Diameter: 23 (mm)
Mint Year: 1864
Mint Mark:
Coin Name: Two Cent Piece - Large Motto
Coin Rating:
Rated 0 out of 70 with 1 Verifications
Verified By:
Rating Value: 0
Obscure Finds Coin Collection (OFCC) has reviewed this item ( OFCC Coin ID:54.101 US 1864 2C ) and has given the item a grade of UNGRADED with serial number of: | OFCC:54.101
Coin Grade:
Grade Serial:
OFCC Serial: 54.101
Face Value:
( US)
Attributes: Large Motto
Coin Notes: Large Motto
Small Motto

Large Motto
Coin Variety or Error Noted
If you would like to contact/report an error click HERE & use REF:T54C101

Coin Type Description:

This information is compiled/referenced data from around the web. Linked references within.
Years Minted: 1864–1873
Mint Marks: NONE (P)
Denomination: 2C
Obverse Design: Shield, IN GOD WE TRUST on banner, date below.
Obverse Designer: James Barton Longacre
Reverse Design: Wheat wreath, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA legend, 2 CENTS in center.
Reverse Designer: James Barton Longacre
Two-cent piece (United States)

The two-cent piece was produced by the Mint of the United States for circulation from 1864 to 1872 and for collectors in 1873. Designed by James B. Longacre, there were decreasing mintages each year, as other minor coins such as the nickel proved more popular. It was abolished by the Mint Act of 1873.

The economic turmoil of the American Civil War caused government-issued coins, even the non-silver Indian Head cent, to vanish from circulation, hoarded by the public. One means of filling this gap was private token issues, often made of bronze. The cent at that time was struck of a copper-nickel alloy, the same diameter as the later Lincoln cent, but somewhat thicker. The piece was difficult for the Philadelphia Mint to strike, and Mint officials, as well as the annual Assay Commission, recommended the coin's replacement. Despite opposition from those wishing to keep the metal nickel in the coinage, led by Pennsylvania Congressman Thaddeus Stevens, Congress passed the Coinage Act of 1864, authorizing bronze cents and two-cent pieces.

Although initially popular in the absence of other federal coinage, the two-cent piece's place in circulation was usurped by other non-precious metal coins which Congress subsequently authorized, the three-cent piece and the nickel. It was abolished in 1873; large quantities were redeemed by the government and melted. Nevertheless, two-cent pieces remain inexpensive by the standards of 19th-century American coinage.

Mintage figures
All two-cent pieces were minted at the Philadelphia Mint, and bore no mint mark. Proof mintages are estimated.

Year Proofs Circulation strikes
1864 100 19,822,500
1865 500 13,640,000
1866 725 3,177,000
1867 625 2,938,750
1868 600 2,803,750
1869 600 1,546,500
1870 1,000 861,250
1871 960 721,250
1872 950 65,000
1873 Closed "3" 500
1873 Open "3" 600

Small / Large Motto 1864 2 Cent

Your 1864 2 cent coin value changes dramatically depending on the size of the Motto. The Small Motto is the more rarer of the two varieties, minimum value $144 in good condition. Its popularity to collectors has stood the test of time.

The distinction between the Small Motto and Large Motto at first is hard to detect.

Starting with the Small Motto image. A few features to notice are, the lettering is not very bold. Spacing between letters is a little wide. Evident in the "WE" of the motto. The "T" in TRUST is very close to the fold in the ribbon.

The Large Motto lettering is more bold compared to the somewhat frail Small Motto lettering. The spacing is tighter, "WE" fills more of the ribbon. The "T" in TRUST is noticeably distant of the fold in the ribbon.

With the 1864 2 cent coin value ranging from $10 into the hundreds and all depending on the size of the motto. Put your coins under the magnifying glass. Don't let these slip by you.

To quickly understand some of the differences that gives the 2 cent coin value, as well as all coins, visit rare coin dealer sites. Look for and compare coins similar to yours. Their descriptions are quite telling.

REF Motto
Word Count: 493 -
If you would to like contact/report an error click HERE and use REF:T54
Rated 0 out of 70 with 1 Verifications

Other 1864–1873 Two-cent piece's

1 Example Coins Found...


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All coin's and coin images on this site are or at one time were owned by OFCC.
OFCC collects, researches, and photographs every coin displayed on this site.
  This information is compiled/referenced data from around the web. Linked references within.

The 1864 Two Cent Piece Large vs. Small Motto

The IN GOD WE TRUST motto letters are the first indication of this variety. The small motto letters are shorter and fatter than those on the large motto coin.

This author first looks at the first T and the U in TRUST, the large motto U almost reaches the lower edge of the banner while the small motto shows a clear margin between the U and the banner edge. The T resides much closer to the fold in the banner than does the large motto example.

Key differences include:
* The tips of the banner show clear differences.
* Two berries show on the lower left set of leaves on a small motto.
* The large motto piece only will show one.
* The feathers on the lower end of the arrows should be checked as well.
The large motto piece will display three feathers on the outside of the arrow and four on the inside. Genuine small motto coins will show three feathers on the outside and five on the inside of the left arrow. The right arrow should show four on the outside and five on the inside.

This article was originally published in forum thread:
The 1864 Two Cent Piece Large vs. Small Motto
started by PennyGuy View original post


Related To:

Word Count: 261 -

2C 1864   US
Large Motto
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